Long-Term Per Capita GDP by EU and US Region, Fourth Quarter 2019

Jun 23, 2020
Long-Term Per Capita Gross Domestic Product in EU and US Regions

The chart above shows the per capita annualized nominal gross domestic product (GDP) in each EU and US region as of the fourth quarter of 2019 in US dollars, the change from five years ago, and the per capita GDP ten years prior.  US regions have had a very good past five years.

Findings

  • The difference between the region with the largest per capita GDP, the Northeastern US, and the region with the smallest, the Eastern EU, is $62,783.53 (up from $52,847.23 five years ago and up from $44,779.25 ten years ago).  The Northeastern US had the largest per capita GDP both five and ten years ago.  The Eastern EU had the smallest per capita GDP both five and ten years ago.
  • The Northeastern US has 4.90 times the per capita GDP that the Eastern EU does.  The ratio of largest per capita GDP to smallest per capita GDP went down from 4.95 five years ago and up from 4.41 ten years ago.
  • Eight regions (4 EU, 4 US) saw their per capita GDP rise in current dollars over the past five years.
  • Six regions (2 EU, 4 US) saw their per capita GDP rise in current dollars over the past ten years while four (2 EU, 0 US) saw it drop.
  • All EU drops in per capita GDP are attributed to currency rate fluctuations.

Caveats

  • GDP data is from the fourth quarters of 2009, 2014, and 2019.
  • US census data is from 2000 and 2010; EU census data is from 2001 and 2011.
  • The data is seasonally adjusted in current dollars.
  • Euros are converted to dollars at an average exchange rate of 1.11 for the fourth quarter of 2019, 1.25 for the fourth quarter of 2014, and 1.48 for the fourth quarter of 2009 according to historic rates listed at the Federal Reserve (see source link below).
  • US data comes in an annualized format which the EU does not, thus EU data is annualized by multiplying the quarterly figure by four.
  • US growth rates may differ from those provided by the Bureau of Economic Analysis as the BEA's growth rates are based on chained dollars in conjunction with the chain index or the quality index for real GDP.  The growth rates listed here are based on nominal GDP.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
  • The Eastern EU consists of Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
  • The Midwestern US consists of Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
  • The Northeastern US consists of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Delaware, Maine, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
  • The Northern EU consists of Sweden, Denmark, and Finland.
  • The Southern EU consists of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, and Malta.
  • The Southern US consists of Texas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Louisiana, South Carolina, Alabama, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, and West Virginia.
  • The Western EU consists of Germany, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Ireland, and Luxembourg.
  • The Western US consists of California, Washington, Colorado, Arizona, Oregon, Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, Hawaii, Idaho, Alaska, Montana, and Wyoming.

Details

In absolute terms, the Northern EU saw the smallest increase over the past five years with a gain of $57.69.  The Western US had the largest growth with a gain of $17,600.03.  Over the past ten years, the Southern EU had the largest decrease with a drop of $8,129.17 while the Western US had the greatest increase with a gain of $22,956.11.

In relative terms, the Northern EU had the smallest increase over the past five years with a 0.10% rise in per capita GDP while the Western US had the greatest increase with a 29.05% rise in per capita GDP.  Over the past ten years, the Southern EU had the largest decrease with a 21.29% drop in per capita GDP while the Western US had the largest growth with a 41.57% rise in per capita GDP.

There were zero regions (0 EU, 0 US) with a per capita GDP of over $60,000 ten years ago, two regions (0 EU, 2 US) five years ago, and four regions (0 EU, 4 US) now.  On the flip side, there were five regions (3 EU, 2 US) with a per capita GDP of less than $50,000 ten years ago, three regions (3 EU, 0 US) five years ago, and three regions (3 EU, 0 US) now.

The Midwestern (from 4th to 3rd largest per capita GDP) and Southern US (from 5th to 4th) each surpassed one region over the past five years, while the Northern EU (from 3rd to 5th) was surpassed by two regions.  Over the past ten years, the Midwestern US (from 6th to 3rd) was the biggest gainer moving up three spots, while the Northern EU (from 2nd to 5th) fell three spots.

The Western US's per capita GDP grew by more over the past five years than the per capita GDP of the Eastern EU.  Over the past ten years, the Midwestern, Western, and Northeastern US's per capita GDP each grew by more than the per capita GDP of the Eastern EU.

Sources

Eurostat.  2020.  "GDP and Main Components."  Accessed May 28, 2020.  https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-406779_QID_68139601_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;UNIT,L,Z,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,1;NA_ITEM,L,Z,2;INDICATORS,C,Z,3;&zSelection=DS-406779UNIT,CP_MEUR;DS-406779INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;DS-406779S_ADJ,SCA;DS-406779NA_ITEM,B1GQ;&rankName1=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName2=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=NA-ITEM_1_2_-1_2&rankName4=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName6=GEO_1_2_0_1&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.

Eurostat.  2017.  "Population change - Demographic balance and crude rates at national level."  Accessed December 11, 2017.  http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-054722_QID_690C8C0A_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;INDIC_DE,L,Z,0;INDICATORS,C,Z,1;&zSelection=DS-054722INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;DS-054722INDIC_DE,JAN;&rankName1=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName2=INDIC-DE_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName4=GEO_1_2_0_1&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.

Federal Reserve.  2020.  "Foreign Exchange Rates."  Accessed May 29, 2020.  https://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g5/.

US Bureau of Economic Analysis.  2020.  "GDP by State."  Accessed May 27, 2020.  https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.

United States Census Bureau.  September 2012.  "United States Summary: 2010: Population and Housing Unit Counts."  Accessed January 23, 2018.  https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-1.pdf.