The chart above shows the annualized nominal gross domestic product (GDP) in each US region as of the third quarter of 2019 in millions of dollars, the change from five years ago, and the GDP ten years prior. Every single region's economy grew both over the past five and ten years.
- The difference between the region with the largest GDP, the South, and the region with the smallest, the Midwest, is $2,443,966.50 million (up from $1,892,227.00 million five years ago and up from $1,515,205.80 million ten years ago). The South and the Midwest had the largest and smallest GDP respectively both five and ten years ago.
- The South has 1.58 times the GDP that the Midwest does. The ratio of largest GDP to smallest GDP was up from 1.52 five years ago and up from 1.52 ten years ago.
- All four regions saw their GDP rise in current dollars over the past five years.
- All four regions saw their GDP rise in current dollars over the past ten years.
- Data is from the third quarters of 2019, 2014, and 2009.
- The data is seasonally adjusted in current dollars.
- Growth rates may differ from those provided by the Bureau of Economic Analysis as the BEA's growth rates are based on chained dollars in conjunction with the chain index or the quality index for real GDP.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
- The Midwestern US consists of Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
- The Northeastern US consists of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Maryland, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Delaware, Maine, Rhode Island, and Vermont.
- The Southern US consists of Texas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Louisiana, South Carolina, Alabama, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, and West Virginia.
- The Western US consists of California, Washington, Colorado, Arizona, Oregon, Utah, Nevada, New Mexico, Hawaii, Idaho, Alaska, Montana, and Wyoming.
In absolute terms, the Midwest saw the smallest increase over the past five years with a growth of $592,132.70 million. The West had the largest growth with a gain of $1,252,399.60 million. Over the past ten years, the Midwest had the smallest increase with a gain of $1,280,027.00 million while the South had the greatest increase with a gain of $2,208,787.70 million.
In relative terms, the Midwest had the smallest increase over the past five years with a 16.41% rise in GDP while the West had the greatest increase with a 28.99% rise in GDP. Over the past ten years, the Northeast had the smallest growth with a 42.62% rise in GDP while the West had the largest growth with a 61.12% rise in GDP.
There were zero regions with a GDP of over $5,000,000 million ten years ago, one region five years ago, and two regions now. On the flip side, there were three regions with a GDP of less than $4,000,000 million ten years ago, two regions five years ago, and zero regions now.
The Midwest is the only region to have a smaller GDP now than the South did ten years ago, that the South had five years ago, and that the West had five years ago. The Northeast also has a smaller GDP now than the South did five years ago.
US Bureau of Economic Analysis. 2020. "GDP by State." Accessed March 9, 2020. https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.