EU States by Number of Subway Riders

Mar 15, 2019
Subway Riders in EU States

The chart above shows the number of subway riders in each state.  France has a clear lead over every other EU state in subway riders.


  • The difference between the state with the most subway riders, France, and the state with the least (that has a subway system), Denmark, is 1,981,900,000 riders.
  • France has 32.21 times the subway riders that Denmark does.
  • Italy has seven subway systems, France has six, the United Kingdom and Germany each have four, Spain has three, and the Netherlands has two, all other states have one.


  • Data is from 2017 except for the Genoa and Rome Metros which are from 2012, the Nuremberg U-Bahn and Athens and Turin Metros which are from 2015, the French, Polish, Romanian, and United Kingdom subways which are from 2016, and the Catania Metro which is from 2018.
  • Greece is currently working on building a subway system for Thessaloniki.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.


France accounts for over one-fifth of all subway riders in the EU at 21.44%.  It, with the United Kingdom and Germany make up over half of the subway riders in the EU at 51.77%.

Italy's largest subway system by riders, the Milan Metro, makes up 58.94% of the total subway riders in the country.  France's largest, the Paris Metro, makes up 74.24% of the total subway riders in France.  The United Kingdom's largest system, the London Underground, makes up 88.94% of the country's total.  Germany's largest system, the Berlin U-Bahn, makes up 41.88% of Germany's total riders.  Spain's largest, the Madrid Metro, makes up 56.69% of its total.  Finally, the Netherlands' largest system, the Rotterdam Metro, accounts for 55.79% of the total subway riders in the Netherlands.


StateCityNameRiders (in millions)
BelgiumBrusselsBrussels Metro151.6
BulgariaSofiaSofia Metro89.7
Czech RepublicPraguePrague Metro435.6
DenmarkCopenhagenCopenhagen Metro63.5
FinlandHelsinkiHelsinki Metro67.5
FranceRennesRennes Metro34.3
FranceMarseilleMarseille Metro75.9
FranceLilleLille Metro107.5
FranceToulouseToulouse Metro110.9
FranceLyonLyon Metro198.2
FranceParisParis Metro1,518.6
GermanyNurembergNuremberg U-Bahn128.85
GermanyHamburgHamburg U-Bahn242.5
GermanyMunichMunich U-Bahn410
GermanyBerlinBerlin U-Bahn563
GreeceAthensAthens Metro264.4
HungaryBudapestBudapest Metro410.6
ItalyCataniaCatania Metro5.8
ItalyGenoaGenoa Metro11
ItalyBresciaBrescia Metro17.4
ItalyTurinTurin Metro41.1
ItalyNaplesNaples Metro42.5
ItalyRomeRome Metro279
ItalyMilanMilan Metro569.5
NetherlandsAmsterdamAmsterdam Metro73.7
NetherlandsRotterdamRotterdam Metro93
PolandWarsawWarsaw Metro187.3
PortugalLisbonLisbon Metro161.5
RomaniaBucharestBucharest Metro179.1
SpainBilbaoMetro Bilbao88.2
SpainBarcelonaBarcelona Metro390.4
SpainMadridMadrid Metro626.4
SwedenStockholmStockholm Metro353
United KingdomGlasgowGlasgow Subway11.4
United KingdomNewcastleTyne and Wear Metro37.7
United KingdomLondonDocklands Light Railway122.3
United KingdomLondonLondon Underground1,378


Wikipedia.  2019.  "List of Metro Systems."  Accessed February 24, 2019.

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