EU States by Length of Subway Track

Feb 26, 2019
Kilometers of Subway Track in EU States

The chart above shows the kilometers of heavy rail subway track within each state.  Over half the EU states have a heavy rail system.


  • The difference between the state with the most kilometers of track, the United Kingdom, and the state with the least (that has a subway system), Denmark, is 503.5 kilometers.
  • The United Kingdom has 25.68 times the kilometers of track that Denmark does.
  • Italy has seven subway systems, France has six, the United Kingdom and Germany each have four, Spain has three, and the Netherlands has two, all other states have one.


  • Data is from 2017.
  • Greece is currently working on building a subway system for Thessaloniki.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.


The United Kingdom accounts for just under one-fifth of all subway rail in the EU at 19.87%.  It, with Spain make up over one-third the subway rail in the EU at 37.10%.  Adding Germany into the mix accounts for over half the subway rail in the EU at 51.84%.

Italy's largest subway system by track length, the Milan Metro, at 101 kilometers makes up 45.03% of the total length of subway rail in the country.  France's largest, the Paris Metro, at 214 kilometers makes up 61.13% of the total length of subway track in France.  The United Kingdom's largest system, the London Underground, at 402 kilometers makes up 76.73% of the country's total.  Germany's largest system, the Berlin U-Bahn, at 151.7 kilometers makes up 39.02% of Germany's total subway track.  Spain's largest, the Madrid Metro, at 288.5 kilometers makes up 63.50% of its total.  Finally, the Netherlands' largest system, the Rotterdam Metro, at 78.3 kilometers accounts for 65.52% of the total subway track in the Netherlands.


BelgiumBrusselsBrussels Metro39.9
BulgariaSofiaSofia Metro40
Czech RepublicPraguePrague Metro65.2
DenmarkCopenhagenCopenhagen Metro20.4
FinlandHelsinkiHelsinki Metro35
FranceLilleLille Metro45
FranceLyonLyon Metro32
FranceMarseilleMarseille Metro21.5
FranceParisParis Metro214
FranceRennesRennes Metro9.4
FranceToulouseToulouse Metro28.2
GermanyBerlinBerlin U-Bahn151.7
GermanyHamburgHamburg U-Bahn106.1
GermanyMunichMunich U-Bahn95
GermanyNurembergNuremberg U-Bahn36
GreeceAthensAthens Metro84.7
HungaryBudapestBudapest Metro38.2
ItalyBresciaBrescia Metro13.7
ItalyCataniaCatania Metro8.8
ItalyGenoaGenoa Metro7.1
ItalyMilanMilan Metro101
ItalyNaplesNaples Metro20.5
ItalyRomeRome Metro60
ItalyTurinTurin Metro13.2
NetherlandsAmsterdamAmsterdam Metro41.2
NetherlandsRotterdamRotterdam Metro78.3
PolandWarsawWarsaw Metro29
PortugalLisbonLisbon Metro44.1
RomaniaBucharestBucharest Metro71.4
SpainBarcelonaBarcelona Metro120.7
SpainBilbaoMetro Bilbao45.1
SpainMadridMadrid Metro288.5
SwedenStockholmStockholm Metro108
United KingdomGlasgowGlasgow Subway10.4
United KingdomLondonLondon Underground402
United KingdomLondonDocklands Light Railway34
United KingdomNewcastleTyne and Wear Metro77.5


Wikipedia.  2019.  "List of Metro Systems."  Accessed February 24, 2019.

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