EU Regional Unemployment Rates, December 2018

Feb 18, 2019
Unemployment Rate in EU Regions

The chart above shows the unemployment rate in each EU region as of December 2018.  The Southern EU really stands out with its extraordinary rate.


  • The difference between the region with the lowest unemployment rate, the Eastern EU, and the region with the highest, the Southern EU, is 8.10 percentage points.
  • The Eastern EU has 0.33 times - or one-third - the unemployment rate that the Southern EU does.
  • The Eastern EU has an unemployment rate lower than all Northern EU states and all but one Southern EU states.
  • The Southern EU has an unemployment rate that is higher than every state in every other region.


  • Data is from December 2018.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
  • The Eastern EU consists of Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
  • The Western EU consists of Germany, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Ireland, and Luxembourg.
  • The Northern EU consists of Sweden, Denmark, and Finland.
  • The Southern EU consists of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, and Malta.


Eight states have an unemployment rate lower than that of the Eastern EU; four from the Eastern EU, three from the Western EU, one from the Southern EU, and none from the Northern EU.

Two states have an unemployment rate higher than that of the Southern EU; both are from the Southern EU.


Eurostat.  2019.  "Unemployment by Sex and Age - Monthly Average."  Accessed February 6, 2019.,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,0;AGE,L,Z,1;UNIT,L,Z,2;SEX,L,Z,3;INDICATORS,C,Z,4;&zSelection=DS-055624SEX,T;DS-055624UNIT,PC_ACT;DS-055624S_ADJ,SA;DS-055624AGE,TOTAL;DS-055624INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;&rankName1=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName2=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=GEO_1_2_0_1&rankName4=AGE_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName6=SEX_1_2_-1_2&rankName7=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.

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